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While traveling in a four-season country extends the advantage of new experiences, varied sceneries and different activities associated with each season, yet spring remains the prime time to travel in Iran for many people. The Pleasant climate and the green terrains in the diverse geographical locals of Iran enhance the festive mood of celebrating spring season throughout the country. Spring in Iran offers the most moderate weather with delicate, fresh landscapes complimenting voyage in Iran.
Despite the fact that many people imagine Iran to be a mostly deserted region, the geography of the country is rather uniquely diverse. Mountains bordering large deserts cover half of Iran while the country lies in between two sea-sides, the Caspian Sea up north and the Persian Gulf down south. While the hottest spot on the earth has been identified in Lut desert in the center of Iran, half of the country located in the mountains or the areas nearby can be extremely cold. Iran could be extremely hot or cold in many parts due to the combination of the dry mountain and desert climate. The coastal parts near the Caspian Sea and the Persian Golf are exceptionally humid and could get extremely hot and humid during summer. Spring season in Iran, on the other hand, bestows the most pleasant and moderate weather in all region.
Spring in Iran starts with a festive celebration of Nowruz or New Year on March 21st. Persian calendar just like the western calendar consists of four seasons. Each season has three Months of thirty days each and Farvardin, Ordibehesht and Khordad are consecutively the names of the three months of spring. The Persian New Year commences on the first day of spring. Therefore, Farvardin the 1st, that usually falls on March 21st is the first day of Spring and the new-year. Ordibehesht is the second month of spring that usually begins on April 21st and ends on May 20th. Khordad is the last month of the spring season, which coincides May 21st till June 20th.
Spring starts with two weeks of Nowruz celebration that is the longest holiday in Iran. Nowruz takes place from 1st to 13th of Farvardin (usually coinciding March 21st till April 2nd). People go back to work and school on the 14th day of spring with high spirits to have a fresh start of the year. As the temperature rises people’s mood enhances with the sight of the green landscapes of the mountains, forests, and coast sides.
Even the plains, deserts and Sahara bloom in spring with fresh vegetation and desert flowers all over. The breathtaking vista of large wild Imperial Crown flower fields of foothills of Zagros mountains and the terrains nearby in Ordibehesht is a must see.
Ordibehesht (April 20th till May 21st) is known to be the month of traveling amongst Iranians as the pleasant air reaches its peak and the fragrance of orange blossoms are scented in many parts of Iran including the Caspian Sea coast and Shiraz. Ordibehesht of Shiraz is famous for the scent of Orange blossoms and has always been an inspiration to the poetic Persian culture. There are numerous poems by the prominent poets of shiraz regarding the spring.
Amongst many festivals that take place in spring, Golabgiri of Kashan, the festival of collecting rose water in Ordibehesht in Kashan stands out. Sizdahbedar in Farvardin is also a widespread, festive tradition of Iranians in Farvardin. Panjah Bedar (50 Bedar) is another tradition of the spring, that takes place on 19th of Ordibehesht, that is the 50th day of the New Year. The tradition of Panjah Bedar is very similar to that of Sizdah Bedar with the exception that it’s no longer as commonly celebrated in many areas except in Ghazvin Province. Panjah Bedar takes place on Ordibehesht 19th that is the 50th day of the New Year. As spring is the most popular season to travel to Iran, it is advisable to book accommodations and flights in advance.